Epoxy flooring is a coating or paint system which is often developed using two different materials. When these materials are combined, it results in a fast hardening substance that forms a durable high-gloss or semi-glossy floor surface. However, epoxy tends to fade or become yellowish when being directly exposed to sunlight. Epoxy is able to be used on cement, wood, metal or concrete surfaces, and may be used as an undercoat under other types of flooring, but commonly used with residential or commercial concrete garage flooring. Prior to drying, paint flakes can be sprinkled on epoxy to create granite simulated textures, or patterns. Alternatively, colored sand can be used to create a less slippery surface.
How Much Does Epoxy Flooring Cost?
There’s three epoxy flooring categories:
100% solid epoxy coating are the most expensive type, commonly used in commercial or professional flooring with water-based and solvent-based epoxies that both contains roughly 40% to 60% epoxy. A water-based epoxy paint will be easier to apply and thinner. However, it will not have the durability compared to solvent-based epoxy coating as it is thicker and covers imperfections better. Although, it requires respirators to be worn during applications, commonly solvent-based epoxy is more expensive than water-based systems. The water-based epoxy costs begin around $30-$50 per gallon, while 100% solid or solvent-based epoxy costs $45 to $150 per gallon. Additionally, thicker coatings can require additional gallons of epoxy compared to thinner paint for the same square footage.
Residential Epoxy Flooring Cost
Generally, a professionally installed epoxy floor ranges between $3 to $12 per square foot, which averages $750 to $3,000 for a single car garage of 250 sq. ft., or $1,200 to $6,000 for a double car garage of 400 to 500 sq. ft.
Industrial & Commercial Epoxy Flooring Cost
Industrial or commercial epoxy flooring costs around $2 to $10 per sq ft depending on the type of epoxy you select. The price depends largely on the type of epoxy applied, how many coats are used, and the method of application (squeegee, roller, trowel, or sprayer).
DIY Epoxy Flooring Cost
An DIY epoxy flooring kit can range from $50 to $600 and up, depending on the square footage to cover, epoxy type, number of coats needed, and how many tools and/or materials are included. Additional items could be required, including a squeegee or roller, solvent-resistant brush, rubber gloves, goggles, plastic pail or others that can be an additional $200. Furthermore, the application process often takes two people. When using a brush and roller to apply an epoxy paint kit, it is estimated that a moderate project requires nine hours of labor, spread over three days, with average costs being $120 to $160 for single car garage, and $240 to $360 for double car garage.
Moisture should always be checked for by the installer of concrete flooring prior to installation, because the epoxy cannot be applied if there is moisture.
Application of epoxy flooring may need up to seven coats. Typical applications can include the base coat, 1-2 coats of epoxy, broadcast coating of flakes and/or sand for decorative purposes, or to reduce the slippery surface), finished with a top coat. The first step is patching, filling, or leveling areas which require repairs. The concrete is then cleaned and prepared to properly bond with epoxy. There are DIY approaches which includes mild acid solution for etching concrete surfaces, but grinders or shot blasters with small steel balls are used by professionals for removing prior coatings while opening concrete surfaces.
The next step is combining the epoxy coating or paint together, spreading it according to manufacturer directions. Generally, epoxy applications must be done quickly, while the installers commonly have shoe cleats that allows them to walk on the wet epoxy flooring. Anti-slip substances or colored flakes should be added prior to the epoxy being fully dry, roughly 15 to 30 minutes. These substances, such as sand can be sprinkled using a broadcasting process. A demonstration video is provided by the manufacturer, Palma Inc. for application procedures of applying epoxy with a trowel. Meanwhile, a demonstration video is provided by ThisOldHouse.com showing the application process using a brush and squeegee. Additionally, there is a demonstration video by a car enthusiast which explains the application process using a roller.
Shopping for Epoxy Flooring Installers
There are many different types of epoxy flooring to choose from. You should obtain recommendations of installers from friends, family, and staff at your local home improvement stores to locate the best professional for your needs.
You should ask for references from prior customers, then call and ask questions. Ensure the company has the proper licenses, insurance and they are bonded. Check the Better Business Bureau for any complaints.
Paint stores often carry do-it-yourself epoxy floor kits, including Ace Hardware, Home Depot, Lowes and Sears, or online retailers such as Amazon.